Mills, M. and Pert, S. (2023).
Working with Trans Voice: A Guide to Support and Inspire New, Developing and Established Practitioners. Routledge.

Working with Trans Voice

Mills, M., and Stoneham, G. (2021).
Voice and Communication Therapy with Trans and Non-Binary People: sharing the Clinical Space. Jessica Kingsley.

Mills, M., Stoneham, G., Robinson, P., & Hotchkiss, M. (2017).
The Voice Book for Trans and Non Binary People: A Practical Guide to Creating and Sustaining Authentic Voice and Communication. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.


Learn more about trans issues
BBC's Transgender: A collection of programmes and clips looking at transgender issues

'I'm a transgender woman - ask me your invasive questions'

Should the NHS pay for transgender fertility treatment?

The couple still together after gender reassignment

My husband is transgender and we're still happy

A Change of Sex
Groundbreaking BBC series that follows Julia Grant’s life as a transgender person, from her first year living as a woman to her gender reassignment surgery and beyond.
This series originally screened on BBC2 in 1979.
The attitudes of many people, including the professionals is shocking from today's perspective.

Sounds Like She
Close your eyes and listen - can you hear the difference between a male voice and a female one? Usually but not always. And what is the difference? Gender transition is more and more in the public view, with the emphasis on the body - but what about the voice? The voice is invisible and most of us think little about how we make it and what it reveals about us.


Are humans binary?

Heggie, V. (2015). Nature and sex redefined - we have never been binary. The Guardian, Thursday 19th February 2015.

Commissioning of services and standards

NHS England (2019). Service specification: Gender Identity Services for Adults (Non-Surgical Interventions).

Care Quality Commission (2022). Adult trans care pathway: What CQC expects from speech and language therapy services.

Trans children and young people

BBC (2019). The parents keeping their child's sex a secret.

Trans people and identity

Davies, S., Papp, V. G., & Antoni, C. (2015). Voice and Communication Change for Gender Nonconforming Individuals: Giving Voice to the Person Inside. International Journal of Transgenderism, 16(3), 117-159.

Levitt, H. M., & Ippolito, M. R. (2014). Being Transgender: The Experience of Transgender Identity Development. Journal of homosexuality, 61(12), 1727-1758.

Davies, A., Bouman, W. P., Richards, C., Barrett, J., Ahmad, S., Baker, K., Lenihan, P., Lorimer, S., Murjan, S., Mepham, N., Robbins-Cherry, S., Seal, L. J., & Stradins, L. (2013). Patient satisfaction with gender identity clinic services in the United Kingdom. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 28(4), 400-418.

Trans men

Azul, D. (2015). Transmasculine people's vocal situations: a critical review of gender-related discourses and empirical data. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 50(1), 31-47.

Azul, D., Nygren, U., Södersten, M., & Neuschaefer-Rube, C. (2017). Transmasculine People's Voice Function: A Review of the Currently Available Evidence. Journal of Voice, 31(2), 261.e269-261.e223.

Trans women

Dacakis, G., Oates, J., & Douglas, J. (2012). Beyond voice: perceptions of gender in male-to-female transsexuals. Current opinion in otolaryngology & head and neck surgery, 20(3), 165.

Hancock, A. B., & Garabedian, L. M. (2013). Transgender Voice and Communication Treatment: A Retrospective Chart Review of 25 Cases. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 48(1), 54-65.

Gelfer, M. P., & Van Dong, B. R. (2012). A Preliminary Study on the Use of Vocal Function Exercises to Improve Voice in Male-to-Female Transgender Clients. Journal of Voice.

Cis men and women's voices

Pemberton, C., McCormack, P., & Russell, A. (1998). Have women's voices lowered across time? A cross sectional study of Australian women's voices. Journal of Voice, 12(2), 208-213.

Klofstad, C. A., Anderson, R. C., & Peters, S. (2012). Sounds like a winner: voice pitch influences perception of leadership capacity in both men and women. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 279(1738), 2698-2704.

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